Mr. Thomas (Tom) Scheber is Vice President, National Institute for Public Policy. Before joining the staff of the National Institute in October 2006, he was the Director of Strike Policy and Integration in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. As a member of the NIPP staff he specializes in concepts for implementing deterrence strategies, analysis of strategic force postures, and implementation of the Department of Defense (DoD) Nuclear Posture Review of December 2001.
From September 2000 to September 2006, Mr. Scheber served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) for Policy. In the Office of Forces Policy, he played a central role in the conduct of the DoD Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) and was the principal author of the DoD implementation plan for the NPR. In May 2003, he was selected as the Director for Strike Policy and Integration. In that role he was responsible for developing the policies necessary to implement the President’s and Secretary of Defense’s guidance for strategic forces in the new geopolitical environment. In addition, he transformed the OSD offices responsible for strategic strike from a Cold War orientation to one better suited to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century.
While in OSD, Mr. Scheber frequently represented the United States during consultations with officials from other countries. For example, he represented the U.S. at meetings of the NATO High Level Group and was a member of the U.S. delegation to the U.S.-Russia Consultative Group on Strategic Security (Offensive Transparency Subgroup) from 2002 through 2005. In that role he routinely briefed Russian officials on U.S. plans for strategic forces and U.S. views on issues related to strategic forces.
During Mr. Scheber’s tenure in OSD, he served as a government representative to a variety of advisory groups including the U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group (Policy Panel), the Threat Reduction Advisory Committee for Nuclear Deterrence Transformation, the Nuclear Strategy Forum, and various Defense Science Board studies.
From 1989 to 2000, Mr. Scheber was a member of the professional staff at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. He served as the Director of the Military Applications Group and Project Leader for Weapon Studies. While at Los Alamos he restructured the Lab’s core defense modeling and analysis capabilities to align those capabilities with post-Cold War requirements. He transformed an obscure analysis team into a nationally recognized asset and directed studies of complex national security issues over a broad range of topics including advanced weapon concepts, strategic stability, computer simulations of weapons effects, applications of advanced technologies, and information operations.
Mr. Scheber is a former Naval Officer. While on active duty, he served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Program Analysis and Evaluation) during the Reagan Administration’s Strategic Modernization Initiative. He developed a methodology for comparative analysis of future strategic systems, provided comparative cost effectiveness analyses for the Secretary of Defense, and developed an assessment of the Moscow Anti-Ballistic Missile system from the perspective of a Soviet planner.
Prior to OSD PA&E, Mr. Scheber was the Nuclear Planning Officer for the Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet during the introduction of the Tomahawk, land attack cruise missile. He initiated a comprehensive review board to integrate nuclear and conventional targeting requirements for Tomahawk missiles and served as the first chairman of that board.
Mr. Scheber is also a former Naval Aviator with over 2,500 hours as pilot in command of A-4 and A-7 aircraft, and with over 500 carrier landings and 82 combat missions. He served as an ordnance test pilot at the Naval Weapons Center, China Lake where he was responsible for operational testing of new weapons including the Laser Guided Bomb, and combat systems such as the Angle Rate Bombing System.
Mr. Scheber graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy with a B.S. in Mathematics and received his M.S. (with distinction) in Operations Research from the Naval Postgraduate School.
His awards include the Secretary of Defense Medal for Meritorious Public Service.